What is igneous rock and example?

What is igneous rock and example?

What is igneous rock and example?

Igneous rocks are formed from the solidification of molten rock material. Some form below Earth's surface. ... Examples of intrusive igneous rocks are: diabase, diorite, gabbro, granite, pegmatite, and peridotite. Extrusive igneous rocks erupt onto the surface, where they cool quickly to form small crystals.

What are the 4 types of igneous rocks?

Igneous rocks can be divided into four categories based on their chemical composition: felsic, intermediate, mafic, and ultramafic. The diagram of Bowen's reaction series (Figure 7.

What are igneous rocks classified by?

Igneous rocks may be simply classified according to their chemical/mineral composition as felsic, intermediate, mafic, and ultramafic, and by texture or grain size: intrusive rocks are course grained (all crystals are visible to the naked eye) while extrusive rocks may be fine-grained (microscopic crystals) or glass ( ...

Are igneous rocks hard or soft?

Igneous rocks are formed from molten rock called magma. They are mostly crystalline (made up of interlocking crystals) and usually very hard to break.

What are 2 types of igneous rock?

The two main categories of igneous rocks are extrusive and intrusive. Extrusive rocks are formed on the surface of the Earth from lava, which is magma that has emerged from underground. Intrusive rocks are formed from magma that cools and solidifies within the crust of the planet.

How do igneous rocks help our lives?

Igneous rocks have a wide variety of uses. One important use is as stone for buildings and statues. Diorite was used extensively by ancient civilizations for vases and other decorative artwork and is still used for art today (Figure 1). Granite (figure 2) is used both in building construction and for statues.

What is another name for igneous rocks?

magmatic rocks Igneous rocks are also known as magmatic rocks. Igneous rocks are divided into two types: plutonic and volcanic rock.

What are the 2 types of metamorphic rocks?

Metamorphic rocks are divided into two categories- Foliates and Non-foliates. Foliates are composed of large amounts of micas and chlorites. These minerals have very distinct cleavage. Foliated metamorphic rocks will split along cleavage lines that are parallel to the minerals that make up the rock.

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