What is a safe distance to live from a Superfund site?

What is a safe distance to live from a Superfund site?

What is a safe distance to live from a Superfund site?

Obviously, proximity to a Superfund site is critical; four miles' distance poses a decreased health risk as compared to a mere forty feet.

What are the health risks related to a Superfund site?

Superfund sites have been linked to adverse health effects including infant mortality, mental health, water and food-borne illness, and cancer. Sites are listed on EPA's National Priorities List (NPL) and are the nation's highest priority for hazardous waste cleanup.

Are Superfund sites radioactive?

An example of a radioactively contaminated Superfund site is the Safety Light Corporation in Pennsylvania, which used radioactive materials, including radium and tritium, in manufacturing commercial products. However, not all Superfund sites are contaminated with radioactive material.

Where is the most toxic place on earth?

The Blacksmith Institute, a pollution-centered non-profit, ranked Agbogbloshie Dumpsite in Accra, Ghana as the most toxic, polluted place in the world, with Chernobyl coming in second.

What is the most toxic city in America?

town of Picher 'The Most Toxic Town in America' The town of Picher, Okla became an incorporated community in 1920, with a population of 9,726. The town was built around lead and zinc mining. In fact, Picher mine shafts produced over half of the lead used to make bullets fired during World War I.

Why are Superfund sites bad?

In addition to increased levels of childhood cancer and birth defects, exposure to hazardous substances released from Superfund sites has been correlated with higher rates of suspension from school and repeating grade levels, lower standardized test scores, and decreased cognitive functioning.

Why are Superfund sites dangerous?

The sites are considered “not under control” by the EPA because the materials contaminating them could reach and harm people. Exposure to some of these toxins and hazardous chemicals has been linked to various forms of cancer, respiratory disease and heart disease and has stunted mental development in children.

What is the largest Superfund site in the United States?

The 586 square mile Hanford Site is home to one of the largest Superfund cleanups in the nation.

What does it mean to clean up a Superfund site?

CERCLA is informally called Superfund. It allows EPA to clean up contaminated sites. It also forces the parties responsible for the contamination to either perform cleanups or reimburse the government for EPA-led cleanup work. When there is no viable responsible party, Superfund gives EPA the funds and authority to clean up contaminated sites.

Where are Superfund sites located in the United States?

CERCLA authorized the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to create a list of such locations, which are placed on the National Priorities List (NPL). The NPL guides the EPA in "determining which sites warrant further investigation" for environmental remediation. As of J

When do Superfund sites get a human exposure tag?

Sites get the human exposure tag when people can come into contact with the toxins on that site, while the groundwater contamination tag is assigned when the migration of such water has the potential to affect local residents’ drinking water.

When did the EPA start the Superfund program?

In response, Congress established the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA) in 1980. CERCLA is informally called Superfund. It allows EPA to clean up contaminated sites.

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