What causes cows to bloat?

What causes cows to bloat?

What causes cows to bloat?

Bloat is a form of indigestion marked by excessive accumulation of gas in the rumen. Immediately after cattle consume a meal, the digestive process creates gases in the rumen. Most of the gases are eliminated by eructation (belching). Any interruption of this normal gas elimination results in gas accumulation or bloat.

Can alfalfa hay cause bloat in cattle?

Bloat risk is highest when alfalfa is in vegetative to early bloom stages of growth. ... However, as many a dairy farmer can attest to, cattle can still bloat on alfalfa hay, and long term frozen alfalfa should be considered bloat reduced, not bloat safe.

How do you treat bloat in a cow?


  1. Passing a stomach tube is the best treatment for gassy bloat. ...
  2. In a few cases a trochar and cannula punched through the side into the rumen will relieve gassy bloat when a stomach tube has not worked. ...
  3. For frothy bloat, antifoaming agents that disperse the foam should be given by stomach tube.

Can cattle bloat on clover hay?

Legumes with the highest likelihood to cause bloat include white clover and alfalfa. Red clover and crimson clover would be classified as moderately likely to cause bloat, while berseem clover is low risk for causing bloat. ... Fill cattle with dry hay before turnout onto legume pasture.

Where do you stab a cow with bloat?

It is important that you stab the animal on the LEFT-HAND-SIDE, as the rumen is located in the left side of the abdomen. The landmarks for the bloat stab are one handwidth down from the transverse processses of the spine and one handwidth behind the last rib.

What to feed cows when there is no hay?

Alternative feedstuffs used to decrease the dependency on alfalfa or grass hay include harvested corn stalks, millet hay, wheat straw, sorghum-sudan, cottonseed hulls, soybean hulls, wheat middlings, and corn gluten feed.

Is Timothy Hay good for cattle?

Timothy Hay: Essential Feed for Cattle Timothy hay is recommended by many experts due to its ease on various animal's digestive system as well as promotion of bowel regularity. Additionally, there have been scientific studies done that show Timothy hay is an ideal feed for pregnant or lactating cows.

What kind of hay can I Feed my cattle to prevent bloat?

Alfalfa hay can also cause bloat. Introductions to this type of hay should be made gradually, just like with introducing cattle onto alfalfa pasture.

What causes bloat in a beef cattle feedlot?

Bloat in Beef Cattle. Feedlot (dry) bloat usually refers to bloat in cattle fed high-grain rations that may or may not contain legume forage. It often occurs secondary to acidosis and/or rumenitis. Cattle consuming feedlot diets may have bloat caused by the grain portion being ground too finely.

What should I do if my cow has bloat?

If an outbreak of frothy bloat occurs all cattle on that pasture should be removed immediately and put onto a high fibre diet (hay or straw), and any cows showing bloating signs treated with an anti-foaming agent. The pasture should not be grazed for at least ten days.

Can a sheep bloat when grazing with cattle?

On farms where sheep are also grazed some farmers will run a flock of their sheep through the paddock prior to grazing with cattle. Sheep can bloat but not nearly as severely as cattle. The point of this management practise is to graze out the clover to reduce the risk to cattle. Photo 4. This is a close up of a high risk pasture.

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