What causes bug holes in concrete?

What causes bug holes in concrete?

What causes bug holes in concrete?

Bugholes are surface voids that result from the migration of entrapped air (and to a lesser extent water) to the fresh concrete-form interface. ... During consolidation, the densification and subsequent volume shrinkage of the fresh concrete forces entrapped air voids and excess water out of the cementitious matrix.

Are holes in concrete bad?

Bugholes are small, visible holes that appear on the surface of concrete. While these blemishes are not generally large, they can appear in a multitude that will negatively affect the overall appearance of your concrete wall or driveway. They may also indicate the potential for problems later on.

How do you fix bug holes in concrete?

How to Repair Surface Defects

  1. Outline the surface defect with a ½- to ¾-inch-deep saw cut.
  2. Remove defective concrete down to sound concrete.
  3. When chipping, leave chipped edges perpendicular to surface or slightly undercut. ...
  4. Clean substrate and remove all loose material, dust, etc.

What is concrete pitting?

Concrete driveway pitting is a frustrating issue for many homeowners. ... Pitting, also known as spalling, is when small holes, or “pits,” show up on a driveway's surface and make it look uneven and worn.

How do you keep bugs from getting holes in concrete?


  1. Surface condition. The geometry, type of material, and condition of forms all play a role in reducing bug holes. ...
  2. Moisture. Wipe the forms before reapplying the form release agent. ...
  3. Quantity of release agent. ...
  4. Pour rate. ...
  5. Placement method. ...
  6. Consolidation. ...
  7. Aggregate. ...
  8. Air stability.

How long should you vibrate concrete?

Therefore, workers should vibrate between 5 and 15 seconds to ensure the second phase of consolidation or de-aeration is achieved. Doing so will reduce the amount and size of surface voids including bug holes and in general, improve the overall quality and appearance of the concrete.

What is compaction of concrete?

Compaction is the process which expels entrapped air from freshly placed concrete and packs the aggregate particles together so as to increase the density of concrete. It increases significantly the ultimate strength of concrete and enhances the bond with reinforcement.

What are tie holes?

A tie-rod hole is a hole left in a concrete structure after removal of the tie rods used in the concrete formwork. After construction, these holes are typically patched using hydraulic cement or another acceptable material.

What insect eats through concrete?

When termites enter a home, it may seem like they're getting in everywhere, including through the house's foundation. This has led many homeowners to believe that the hordes of tiny, wriggling insects have the ability to tunnel through and digest concrete, a material that's supposed to be pest-proof.

How do I stop my driveway from pitting?

How to Resurface and Repair a Cracked and Pitted Driveway

  1. Power Wash. First, power wash the entire surface. ...
  2. Fill Cracks and Holes. Fill all cracks and large holes with concrete patch or the material you're using to resurface the driveway. ...
  3. Use Expansion Cracks as Guides. ...
  4. Mix and Apply Resurfacer.

Do you have to repair bug holes in concrete?

According to ACI 301-10, bug holes or other surface voids exceeding these dimensions for the specified surface finish are defects and must be repaired. Otherwise, bug holes are allowed and considered surface imperfections, commonly referred to by ACI as surface effects.

How are bugholes affect the durability of concrete?

Bugholes as surface defects are not detrimental to structural concrete from a durability standpoint. Nevertheless, with the increased use of structural concrete in finished construction, surface quality is increasingly important. Through careful selection of materials, quality workmanship, and dutiful supervision, surface voids can be minimized.

What do you call little holes in concrete?

Answer: Surface voids are the cavities or little holes that appear on the surface of concrete castings. Surface voids (commonly known as pitting) are referred to as "bug holes" or "fish eyes".

Why are there holes in my concrete floor?

These surface voids are primarily an aesthetic problem for exposed structural concrete. However, problems do arise if the concrete surface is to be painted or if the voids reach a larger diameter (typically greater than 1 inch). Perhaps the most influential cause of bugholes is improper vibration.

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